Social Anxiety Treatment

 Social Anxiety Disorder?

Social phobia or social anxiety disorder is a form of anxiety disorder where a person has irrational and excessive fears of social situations. Due to a fear of criticism, self-consciousness arises.

Moreover, individuals who suffer from this disorder are afraid of making mistakes and looking bad in front of other people. They want to avoid embarrassment and humiliation at all costs.

The anxiety may cause the person to become distressed and avoid certain social situations. Moreover, people may be afraid of a situation for weeks before the event. Although they are aware that there is no reasonable basis for the fear, they find themselves unable to overcome it.

Affected individuals suffer from distorted thinking, which includes false beliefs concerning social situations and dismissive opinions of others and themselves. Moreover, without proper treatment, it can adversely affect the daily routine of the person, including work, school relationships, and social activities.

Social Anxiety Symptoms

  • Intense nervousness in social situations
  • Avoiding social situations
  • Physical symptoms include pounding heart, confusion, shaking, sweating, muscle tension, blushing, diarrhea and upset stomach.

Causes

Although we do not know the cause research has indicated that environmental, psychological and biological factors may play a crucial role

  • Biological – It is hypothesized that abnormal circuitry in regions of the brain that regulate “fight and flight” response and emotions causes the condition. Genetic factors could also be a contributor, as individuals whose relatives have the condition are more predisposed to getting it.
  • Psychological – Humiliating or embarrassing social experiences, like being neglected or bullied by peers, in the formative years may lead to the development of this condition.
  • Environmental – Individuals may also develop fears from observing the plight of someone else who is adversely affected.

Social Anxiety Treatment

Medication:  To treat anxiety disorders, we can use antidepressants and benzodiazepines. One can use Beta-blocker to treat physical symptoms of anxiety, such as rapid heartbeat and shaking.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT):  The goal of this is to channel the thoughts of the person in a rational direction and assist them in ignoring situations that worsen their anxiety. It trains people to react differently to anxiety triggers. So, the therapy includes real-life exposure or systematic desensitization to the dreaded social encounter.

Mindfulness

Social Anxiety Books

Social Anxiety Book